Long before the clash between white Baptists over the issue of slavery, there were some black Baptist leaders who gradually became aware of the need of separate churches from whites. Such were the originators of plantation missions led by black preachers. It may be said, with reasonable certainty, that the evolution of plantation missions began as independent slave plantation owners…

Bryan, Andrew (1737–1812). Born in slavery at Goose Creek, South Carolina, Bryan was brought to a plantation near Savannah, Georgia. Near the age of thirty-five he was converted to Christianity by George Liele, who evangelized along the coastal plantations. Beginning his own ministry, Bryan and his brother, Sampson, were brought before city authorities and whipped for refusing to discontinue their…